SO WHAT IS DYSLEXIA?
DYS MEANS “DIFFICULTY“
LEXIC MEANS “WITH WORDS“
Dyslexia is a learning disorder that affects your ability to read, spell, write, and speak.
Kids who have it are often smart and hardworking, but they have trouble connecting
the letters they see to the sounds those letters make.
They find it hard to learn or remember the letters of the alphabet.
They mispronounce familiar words. “Baby talk” is common.
They have trouble recognizing letters. For example, they mistake "t" for "d."
Read more slowly than other kids their age
Can't tell the difference between certain letters or words
Don’t connect letters with the sounds they make -- "buh" for "b" or "em" for "m’.
Misspell words -- even easy words like "and" and "dog"
It is estimated that 1 in 10 people have dyslexia
62% of non readers dropped out of high school.
80% of children with an Individualized Education Program (IEP) have reading difficulty and 85% of those are Dyslexic.
30% of children with Dyslexia also have at least a mild form of AD/HD(Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder).
Over 40 million American Adults are dyslexic - and only 2 million know it
Dyslexia is not tied to IQ - Einstein was dyslexic and had an estimated IQ of 160
Dyslexia in not just about getting letters or numbers mixed up or out of order
80% of people associate dyslexia with some form of retardation - this is not true
Dyslexia occurs in people of all backgrounds and intellectual levels
20% of school-aged children in the US are dyslexic
With appropriate teaching methods, people with dyslexia can learn successful
DYSLEXIA: LEARNING CHARACTERISTICS
Unable to read satisfactorily in spite of adequate intelligence and educational opportunity
Unusual difficulty in handwriting
Unusual difficulty in spelling
Unable to write or recite the alphabet in sequence
Reversals, rotations, transpositions in reading and writing
Directional confusion: left-right, before-after, over-under
Poor recall ability, especially for names and words
Poor auditory discrimination or confusion with similar speech sounds
DYSLEXIA: OTHER CHARACTERISTICS
No definite preference for right or left hand
Difficulty following directions
Forgets assignments and/or loses papers
Lacks organizational skills
Short attention span
Overly active and disturbing in classroom
Unusually passive and withdrawn
A downward trend in achievement scores can be noted
DYSLEXIA: SOCIAL PROBLEMS
About 30% of children with dyslexia also have at least a mild form of AD/HD, consequently other social problems arise
Children may be less organized than their peers
Children may have less self-control, and more difficulty conforming to social rules than their peers. Such behaviors may be alienating to others
Because of their difficulty with language, they may unintentionally foster mis-communications with others, and it may be a turn-off to peers
Students who feel badly about themselves may not have the social confidence or skill to seek and maintain friendships, and may become withdrawn from friends and family
Talk To Your Child:
Talk to your child.
Some children with dyslexia have trouble deciphering meaning from words that are heard.
Is your child confused by things you ask or tell?
Is your child confused with commands involving direction like up and down or over and under?
Do you have to repeat yourself or reword your commands or dialogue with your child?
Does your child seem not to hear you?
Does your child have consistent difficulty explaining things to you?
Read With Your Child:
Read with your child.
If your child is just beginning to identify words in isolation or is able to read full
sentences and paragraphs, pay attention to the way your child reads.
Don’t always draw attention to mistakes, but pay attention to the mistakes your child makes
to see if a pattern is developing.
Children who have dyslexia and other reading disabilities make specific types of errors when reading and writing.
Observe Your Child’s Writing:
Write with your child.
Does your child have difficulty spelling common or familiar words ?
Even when copying words from a book?
Does your child have difficulty expressing thoughts and ideas in written form?
Children with dyslexia will often make the same mistakes in written form as they do when reading.
Look for number, letter or word reversals; omissions or additions when writing;
as well as consistent difficulty with common sight words like and, of, ball, they and from.
N2 Reading testing glasses:
There is a condition called Intermittent Central Suppression (ICS) that can
have the same exact symptoms as Dyslexia.
It takes a long time for your child to be referred to the school psychologist for dyslexia evaluation.
A lot of time can pass before your child gets examined
and by then they are very behind in the classroom.
A child that can’t read before grade 3 may become a high school dropout.
You can test for this problem with a home test that takes about 90 seconds to complete